GREEN ARCHITECTURE 绿色建筑

GREEN
ARCHITECTURE (1)
(
King Abdullah University)
绿色建筑
刘晨 编

 

King Abdullah University of
Science and Technology

阿卜杜拉国王科技大学

The project team integrated a series of innovative strategies to create a lowenergy , highly sustainable project in the context of an extremely hot, humid
climate. They employed five strategies that borrow from local culture and
traditions to solve environmental issues.


Structurally like traditional Arabic cities, the campus is compressed as much
as possible to minimise the amount of exterior envelope exposed to the sun
and to reduce outdoor walking distances. As found in a traditional souk or
Arabic market, shaded and passively cooled circulation thoroughfares are
characterised by dramatic light and social spaces. The Arabic Bedouin tent
inspired designers to create a monumental roof system that spans across
building masses to block sun on building façades and into the pedestrian
spine, to facilitate natural ventilation and to flter light. Solar panels covering
the surface capture the sun’s energy. Passive ventilation strategies of the
traditional Arabic house influenced the design of iconic, solar-powered wind
towers that harness energy from the sun and wind to passively create air flow
in pedestrian walkways. Similar to Arabic screening called “mashrabiya”, the
campus shades windows and skylights with an integral shading system that
reduces heat loads while creating dramatic dappled light.

 

项目团队整合了一系列的创新策略,在极度炎热和潮湿的气候环境下,完成了一个低耗能而高持续性的项

目。团队共采用了五项策略,其中借鉴了当地的文化和传统,解决面对的环境问题。
设计借鉴传统阿拉伯城市的建构原则,把校园面积尽量压缩,且尽可能减少外墙暴露在阳光下,并减少户
外行走的距离。设计仿照传统露天市场或阿拉伯市场的特色,以丰饶的光源和公共空间,把有盖和间接送
爽的回廊通道显得更具特色。设计师从阿拉伯贝都因人所用的帐篷取得灵感,创造一个标志性的的屋顶系
统,横盖建筑楼宇,阻挡阳光从建筑物外墙渗透进去及渗入主要人行走道,促进自然通风和过滤光线。覆
盖楼宇表面的太阳能电池板同时又吸取太阳的能量。传统阿拉伯房子的间接通风对策决定了标志性太阳能
风塔的设计,使之充分利用太阳和风力能源,间接为人行走道增加空气流动。与阿拉伯式屏幕mashrabiya
的功能相似,校园以完整的遮阳系统遮蔽窗户和天窗,从而降低热负荷,并同时营造显着斑驳的光纹。

Award name:
2010 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
By integrating sustainable measures into the site planning, community, building
design and campus operations, the university is demonstrating new ways to
build in the region and promoting responsible stewardship of the environment.
Materials:
Passive Ventilation
Pedestrian spine is cooled by draft created by Solar Tower;
Openings into spine are oriented so as to draw fresh air from sea, and also to
allow in predominant westerly breezes;
Air Handlers in mechanical penthouses draw fresh air from the courtyards
along the spine, augmenting draft created by the Solar Tower.
Local Evaporative Cooling
For use under exceptionally hot weather, areas of targeting cooling along
pedestrian spine are provided.
Recycled Condensate
Spine is supplied with condensate from chiller equipment.
High Performance Glazing
Insulated glass curtainwall
Location: Saudi Arabia Designer: HOK Photographer: Jean Picoulet Completion date: 2009 Site area:
6,500,000 square feet
项目地点:沙特阿拉伯 设计师:HOK 摄影师:让·皮库利特 完成时间:2009年 占地面积:6,500,000平方英尺
(603,870平方米)

 

 

 

                Integral                     High Performance           Passively Cooled            Filtered                     Solar Tower
                Shading                                  Roof                           Courtyards                Daylight

Architecture Design

 

 

1. High performance roof                     1. 高性能屋顶

2. Solar tower                                           2. 太阳能塔

3. Passive ventilation                             3. 被动式通风

4. High performance glazing               4. 高性能玻璃幕墙

5. Integrated shading                            5. 一体式遮阳系统

6. Local evaporation                              6. 本地蒸发型降温

7. Passively cooled courtyards           7. 被动式制冷庭院

8. Filtered daylight                               8. 滤光系统

Architecture Design

 

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Architecture Design

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Architecture Design

Language : English And Chinese
ChangWen Xin translation 常文心 译

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